Also known as the mother of all engineering disciplines, civil engineering is the oldest, broadest and most useful branch of engineering. It facilitates all engineering fields through variety of projects by the utilization of natural resources. The role of Civil Engineering has always been very vital in our daily life as we are surrounded by various Civil Engineering structures. No matter how large are the projects, Civil Engineering provides foundation for start of each project. The demand of Civil Engineers in different projects is increasing day by day. So, the Civil Engineering can never be neglected in any country and all over the globe due to its majestic art of creation.
Civil Engineering is the field of engineering which deals with the planning, design, construction and maintenance of different structures such building, roads, bridges, dams, reservoirs, canals, tunnels, railway tracks, airports, seaports, harbors etc and also impact of these structures on environment. Examples of mega Civil Engineering Structures in Pakistan are mainly Badshahi Mosque, Faisal Mosque, Shahi Qila, Shalamar Bagh, Minar-e-Pakistan, Motorway, Shahra-e-Karakoram, Terbela Dam, Mangla Dam, Ghazi Brotha Hydropower Channel and Internationally Eiffel Tower (France), Burj-al-Arab (Dubai), Pisa Tower (Italy), Eurotunnel (through sea) (France), Three Gorges Dam (China) etc. Civil Engineers utilize the available resources (expertise, materials, manpower) to complete the project in a given time span keeping in view the time, expenditure, environmental issues and physical hazards of the project.
Civil Engineers are employed by a wide range of national and international firms/organizations. In Pakistan, civil Engineers are consumed in various Government as well as Private organizations including mainly, Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Communication and Works Department (C&W), Indus River System Authority (IRSA), Pakistan Railways, Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), National Highway Authority (NHA), Irrigation and Power Department, Public Health Engineering Department (PHE) and in Private Sectors, consulting firms like National Engineering Services of Pakistan (NesPak), Associated Consulting Engineers (ACE) and Contractors Like Descon Engineering, Izhar Construction, Habib Rafiq and many others.